Comparative case studies usually utilize both qualitative and quantitative methods comparative case studies are particularly useful for understanding and explaining how context influences the success of an intervention and how better to tailor the intervention to. The diversity of case studies reported in the published literature, and on-going debates about credibility and the use of case study in qualitative research practice, suggests that differences in perspectives on case study methodology may prevent researchers from developing a mutual understanding of practice and rigour. They also highlight the place of case study as a key component of educational research with the help of this book, m-level students, teacher educators and practitioner researchers will gain the confidence and skills needed to design and conduct a high quality case study. Although case studies were considered a novel method of science education just 20 years ago, the case study teaching method has gained popularity in recent years among an array of scientific disciplines such as biology, chemistry, nursing, and psychology (5-7, 9, 11, 13, 15-17, 21, 22, 24.
The researcher investigates the object of the case study in depth using a variety of data gathering methods to produce evidence that leads to understanding of the case and answers the research questions. A case study is a story about something unique, special, or interesting—stories can be about individuals, organizations, processes, programs, neighborhoods, institutions, and even events 1 the case study gives the story behind the result by capturing what happened. Whilst the case study is often seen as synonymous with the qualitative turn, this research design is one that targets no particular data collection method with the increasing trend of mixed methods use in research as of late (creswell, 2009 creswell, j 2009. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts when the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions.
Development of case study methodology was the focus on contemporary events characteristic of the social sciences within research in the field of architecture and. The nursing students find case study educational and that the methodology combines theory with practice the students experience a general impression is gained understanding of their future professional role and the nurse's field of activity. Case study methods in educational evaluation linda mabry in 1989, phi delta kappa (pdk) commissioned a national study (frymier & gansneder, 1989) to identify and evaluate the relative significance of factors correlating with student academic failure. Only partly influenced by this methodological movement, an alliance between an illinois-based team in the united states and a team at the university of east anglia in the united kingdom recast the case method as a key tool for the evaluation of social and educational programmes. A case study is a particular method of qualitative researchrather than using large samples and following a rigid protocol to examine a limited number of variables, case study methods involve an in-depth, longitudinal examination of a single instance or event: a case.
The case study is a program evaluation of the american dietetic association's new standards of education (soe) from the student perspective the soe emphasize outcome, whereas the former essentials of education (eoe) emphasized process. Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists. Realised for case study to represent the politics of educational events and to itself create a site for a political approach to evaluation in 1968, rob walker, another sociologist, became a research associate at. Prominent case study researchers do however emphasize that an overarching methodology shapes a case study design and that multiple sources of data and methods can be used (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014), thus providing the distinction between the two. Mixed methods study that was developed within the context of a program evaluation of the us department of education teaching american history grant, the american dreams project.
Case studies depict real-life situations in which problems need to be solved scenario-based teaching may be similar to case studies, or may be oriented toward developing communication or teamwork skills both case studies and scenarios are commonly used methods of problem-based learning typically. Gathered through case study methodology to reach conclusions through triangulation and to maintain a chain of evidence, especia lly in the historical aspects of the study source: world bank 1997a. He argues that case study knowledge is unique in that it extends and refines personal and experiential knowledge in case study methodology: a critique, james sanders describes evaluation as a form of disciplined inquiry which is guided by certain tenets and argues that case studies must adhere to these criteria.
Using case studies to do program evaluation valuation of any kind is designed to document what happened in a program evaluation should show: 1) what actually occurred. United states general accounting office gao program evaluation and methodology division november 1990 case study evaluations gao/pemd-91-1019.
The case study as a design for evaluation must first decide what type of evaluation question they have and then examine the ability of each type of case study to answer it the crucial next step is in determining whether the methodological. In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions case studies can be produced by following a formal research method these case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than popular works. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing 'the case history' of a single participant or group of individuals (such as a school class or a specific social group), ie the idiographic approach.